For full cv, click here.


PhD, Columbia University, 2010

BA, Stanford University, 2002


Current Projects

The Sanctioning State: The United States and International Sanctions. Research in progress.

 “Law and American Power,” in The Cambridge History of America and the World, vol. 3, ed. Brooke Blower and Andrew Preston (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2021)

“The First R2P: US Legal Advisers and the Right to Protect Citizens in the Americas,” in Crafting the International Order, ed. Kim Christian Premiel and Marcus Payk (Oxford University Press, forthcoming)

“US Presidents and the Ideology of Civilization,” in Ideologies and American Foreign Relations, ed. David Milne, Christopher McKnight Nichols, and Dani Holtz, under review with Columbia University Press.

Books, Articles & Book Chapters (Peer Reviewed)

“International Law and the United States, 1776-1939,” in A Companion to U.S. Foreign Relations, Colonial Era to the Present, ed. Christopher Dietrich (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2020), 1:400-417.

“The Secret Life of Statutes: A Century of the Trading With the Enemy Act,” Modern American History, vol. 1, no. 2 (2018): 151-172.

Contributing Editor, The Encyclopedia of Diplomacy, gen. ed. Gordon Martel (Wiley-Blackwell, 2018).
“International Sanctions” (5000 words) (author)
“Norman Angell” (2000 words) (author)

Editor, “The United States, Latin America, and the Caribbean, 1815-1900,” Chapter 5 in The SHAFR Guide: An Annotated Bibliography of U.S. Foreign Relations Since 1600, gen. ed. Alan McPherson. (Brill, 2017 (online))

Legalist Empire: International Law and American Foreign Relations in the Early Twentieth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.
**Honorable Mention, Vincent P. De Santis Prize, Society of Historians of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, awarded every two years for best first book. 

 “Securing Hegemony Through Law: Venezuela, the U.S. Asphalt Trust, and the Uses of International Law, 1904-1909,” The Journal of American History 102:2 (2015): 380-405. 

**Winner of the 2016 Binkley-Stephenson Award from the Organization of American Historians

“The Pan American Lobbyist: William Eleroy Curtis and U.S. Empire, 1884-99,” Diplomatic History 38:1 (2014): 22-48.

“Strategists and Rhetoricians: Truman’s Foreign Policy Advisers,” in The Blackwell Companion to Harry S. Truman, ed. Daniel S. Margolies. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, 159-187.

“‘Upon the Neutral Rests the Trusteeship of International Law’: Legal Advisers and American Unneutrality,” in Caught in the Middle: Neutrals, Neutrality, and the First World War, ed. Johan den Hertog and Samuël Kruizinga. Amsterdam: Aksant / Amsterdam University Press, 2011, 35-51.

Other Publications

“A Century of Sanctions,” OriginsCurrent Events in Historical Perspective 13, no. 4 (January 2020).

“How a WWI-era law set the stage for the Trump-Russia controversy,” Washington Post, July 31, 2017.

“John Bassett Moore” and “Richard Olney,” in Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History, ed. Timothy Lynch. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

“Carol Moseley Braun,” in The Buying of the President 2004, ed. Charles A. Lewis. New York: HarperCollins, 2004, 440-443.

Book Reviews 

Theodore Roosevelt’s Politics of Empire: A Review of John M. Thompson, Great Power Rising: Theodore Roosevelt and the Politics of U.S. Foreign Policy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2019). Published by H-DIPLO, September 2019.

Review of James Crossland, War, Law and Humanity: The Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914 (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018). Diplomatica, 1, no. 2 (2019): 302-304.

Review of Robert McGreevey, Borderline Citizens: The United States, Puerto Rico, and the Politics of Colonial Migration(Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2018). Published by H-DIPLO. March 2019.

Review of Jennifer Pitts, Boundaries of the International: Law and Empire (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 2018). The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 49:4 (Spring 2019): 650-51.

The Lover of the Game: A Review of Charles E. Neu, Colonel House: A Biography of Woodrow Wilson’s Silent Partner(New York: Oxford University Press, 2015). Passport: The SHAFR Review, April 2017.

Review of Katherine Unterman, Uncle Sam’s Policemen: The Pursuit of Fugitives across Borders (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015). History: Reviews of New Books 44:6 (2016): 187-88.

“Confronting a Philanthropic Past.” Review of Patricia L. Rosenfield, A World of Giving: Carnegie Corporation of New York A Century of International Philanthropy (New York: Public Affairs, 2014). HistPhil, 21 December 2015.

Review of Patrick Hagopian, American Immunity: War Crimes and the Limits of International Law (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2013).  Journal of American Studies 49:3 (2015): e56.

“Synthesizing the Wartime Industrial State.” Review of Kathryn Steen, The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930 (North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2014). Published by H-DIPLO. March 2015.

“The International as Imagined Community.” Review of Glenda Sluga, Internationalism in the Age of Nationalism(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013). Published by H-DIPLO. June 2014.

“Exploring the Transnational Origins of International Order.” Review of Nicole Phelps, U.S.-Habsburg Relations from 1815 to the Paris Peace Conference: Sovereignty Transformed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Passport: The SHAFR Review, 2014.

“The Rusty and Rancid Origins of the Fulbright Program.” Review of Sam Lebovic, “From War Junk to Educational Exchange:  The WWII Origins of the Fulbright Program and the Foundations of American Cultural Globalism,” Diplomatic History 37:2 (April 2013): 280-312. Published by H-DIPLO, September 2013. reviews/PDF/AR423.pdf

“Small Place, Big Story?” Review of James C. Knarr, Uruguay and the United States, 1903-1929: Diplomacy in the Progressive Era. Kent: Kent State University Press, 2012. Published by H-DIPLO, January 2013.

Review of Bonnie M. Miller, From Liberation to Conquest: The Visual and Popular Cultures of the Spanish-American War of 1898. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011. The Journal of American Culture 35:3 (2012): 278-279.

“Reconsidering the Tafts.” Review of Lewis L. Gould, The William Howard Taft Presidency. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2009; and Lewis L. Gould, Helen Taft: Our Musical First Lady. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2010. Published by H-SHGAPE, September 2011.

Review of John Hepp, “James Brown Scott and the Rise of Public International Law,” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 7:2 (April 2008): 151-179. Published by H-Diplo, July 2008.

“Not Just for Southerners: Slavery in the Big Apple,” The Liberator Magazine 5:2 (2006), online at


At Wake Forest:

HST 108: The Americas and the World since 1500

HST 256: The United States and the World, 1763-1914

HST 257: The United States and the World, 1914-2003

HST 311: The United States and World War I at Home and Abroad

HST 331: The United States in the Age of Empire, 1877-1919

HST 362: American Constitutional History

HST 384: Global Outlaws in History since 1500

HST 390: The United States and Empire

FYS: The United States & World War I in History and Memory